#MAGER: Aktivitas fisik ditinjau dari fear of missing out dan trait self-control pengguna Instagram

Authors

  • Audita Izza Balqis Jurusan Psikologi, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang
  • Cleoputri Yusainy Jurusan Psikologi, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.mps.2021.007.02.5

Keywords:

fear of missing out (FoMO), Instagram users, physical activity, trait self-control

Abstract

In the world we live in today, technology has greatly simplified human life but at the same time significantly reduced physical activities. In this research, we examined the extent to which physical activity among 479 Instagram’s users (Mage = 21.24, SDage = 1.31) could be predicted by fear of missing out (FoMO), a pervasive apprehension to stay connected virtually with others while accounting for the unique contribution of individual differences in controlling mental processes and behaviour (trait self-control). As predicted, participants with higher levels of FoMO more than those with lower levels of FoMo reported less adherence in carrying out physical activity. However, the role of FoMO on physical activity became insignificant once trait self-control was taken into account. Individuals with high self-control traits were able to display adequate physical activity, irrespective of their low or high levels of FoMO.  This finding implies that the benefit of having good self-control in physical activity surpasses the detrimental role of FoMO. Given the importance of social media in shaping their life especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, social media users need to be more selective in maintaining virtual friendships and balancing it with self-control exercises.  Era teknologi saat ini di satu sisi sangat mempermudah hidup manusia, namun di sisi lain mengurangi porsi gerakan tubuh dengan sangat signifikan. Dengan mempertimbangkan kontribusi unik perbedaan kemampuan individual dalam mengendalikan proses mental dan perilaku (trait self-control), penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji sejauh mana aktivitas fisik di kalangan pengguna media sosial Instagram dapat diprediksi oleh fear of missing out (FoMO) sebagai bentuk kecemasan spesifik akibat keinginan untuk terus terhubung secara virtual. Partisipan berjumlah 479 (Musia = 21.24, SDusia = 1.31) yang direkrut melalui survei online yang dirancang sebagai studi korelasional. Hasil penelitan menunjukkan bahwa partisipan dengan FoMO yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan partisipan dengan FoMO rendah melaporkan kepatuhan yang lebih rendah dalam menjalankan aktivitas fisik. Meskipun demikian, peran FoMO menjadi tidak signifikan ketika trait self-control partisipan diperhitungkan. Terlepas dari derajat FoMO mereka, individu-individu dengan trait self-control yang tinggi mampu menampilkan aktivitas fisik yang adekuat. Temuan ini berimplikasi bahwa peran positif trait self-control melampui peran negatif FoMO dalam aktivitas fisik individu. Mengingat pentingnya peran interaksi virtual dalam memengaruhi kehidupan mereka terutama pasca status pandemi COVID-19, pengguna media sosial perlu lebih selektif dalam memilih pertemanan dan menyeimbangkannya dengan latihan self-control. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Cleoputri Yusainy, Jurusan Psikologi, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang

Senior Lecturer (Psychology)

References

Alt, D., & Boniel-Nissim, M. (2018). Links between adolescents' deep and surface learning approaches, problematic Internet use, and fear of missing out (FoMO). Internet Interventions, 13, 30-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.05.002

Baumeister, R. F., Gailliot, M., DeWall, C. N., & Oaten, M. (2006). Self-regulation and personality: How interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behavior. Journal of Personality, 74(6), 1773–1801. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2006.00428.x

Belair, M-A., Kohen, D. E., Kingsbury, M., & Colman, I. (2018). Relationship between leisure time physical activity, sedentary behaviour and symptoms of depression and anxiety: Evidence from a populationbased sample of Canadian adolescents. BMJ Open, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021119

Chan, D. K. C., & Hagger, M. S. (2012). Trans-contextual development of motivation in sport injury prevention among elite athletes. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 34(5), 661-682. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.34.5.661

Chan, D. K., Stenling, A., Yusainy, C., Hikmiah, Z., Ivarsson, A., Hagger, M. S., ... & Beauchamp, M. R. (2020). Editor's Choice: Consistency tendency and the theory of planned behavior: a randomized controlled crossover trial in a physical activity context. Psychology & Health, 35(6), 665-684. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2019.1677904

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. Plenum.

Dogan, V. (2019). Why do people experience the fear of missing out (FoMO)? Exposing the link between the self and the FoMO through self-construal. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 50(4), 524–538. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022119839145

Dunbar, R. I. M. (1992). Neocortex size as a constraint on group size in primates. Journal of Human Evolution. 22(6), 469–493. https://doi.org/10.1016/0047-2484(92)90081-J

Fernandez, L., & Matt, S. J. (2020, 7 April). Instead of FOMO, covid-19 demands we embrace JOMO — the joy of missing out. Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2020/04/07/instead-fomo-covid-19-demands-we-embrace-jomo-joy-missing-out/

Firth, J., Torous, J., Stubbs, B., Firth, J. A., Steiner, G. Z., Smith, L., …. Sarris, J. (2019). The “online brainâ€: How the Internet may be changing our cognition. World Psychiatry, 18(2), 119-129. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20617

Franchina, V., Vanden Abeele, M., van Rooij, A. J., Lo Coco, G., & De Marez, L. (2018). Fear of missing out as a predictor of problematic social media use and phubbing behavior among Flemish adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(10), 2319. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102319

Gonçalves, B., Perra, N., Vespignani, A. (2011). Modeling users' activity on Twitter networks: Validation of Dunbar's number. PLOS One, 6(8): e22656. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022656

Hagger, M. S., Hankonen, N., Kangro, E.-M., Lintunen, T., Pagaduan, J., Polet, J., … Hamilton, K. (2019). Trait self-control, social cognition constructs, and intentions: Correlational evidence for mediation and moderation effects in diverse health behaviors. Applied Psychology: Health and Wellâ€Being, 11(3), 407-437. https://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12153

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2018). Hasil utama RISKESDAS 2018. https://www.litbang.kemkes.go.id/hasil-utama-riskesdas-2018

Lai, C., Altavilla, D., Ronconi, A., & Aceto, P. (2016). Fear of missing out (FOMO) is associated with activation of the right middle temporal gyrus during inclusion social cue. Computers in Human Behavior, 61, 516-521. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.03.072

Leading countries based on Instagram audience size as of October 2021. (2021, October). Statista.com. https://www.statista.com/statistics/578364/countries-with-most-instagram-users/

Lup, K., Trub, L., & Rosenthal, L. (2015). Instagram #instasad? Exploring associations among Instagram use, depressive symptoms, negative social comparison, and strangers followed. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 18, 247–252. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2014.0560

Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98, 224-253. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.98.2.224

Przybylski, A. K., Murayama, K., DeHaan, C. R., & Gladwell, V. (2013). Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1841–1848. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.02.014

Reagle, J. (2015). Following the Joneses: FOMO and conspicuous sociality. First Monday, 20(10). https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v20i10.6064

Rutledge, P. B. (2020, 23 Maret). Pandemic FoMO: How much news is too much? Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/positively-media/202003/pandemic-fomo-how-much-news-is-too-much

Ryan, R. M., Williams, G. C., Patrick, H., & Deci, E. L. (2009). Self-determination theory and physical activity: The dynamics of motivation in development and wellness. Hellenic Journal of Psychology, 6, 107-124. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-9-78

Tangney, J., Baumeister, R. F., & Boone, A. L. (2004). High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. Journal of Personality, 72, 271-324. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00263.x

Triani, C. A. (2017). Hubungan antara kebutuhan berelasi dan fear of missing out pada pengguna media sosial dengan harga diri sebagai moderator [Tesis, Program Pascasarjana Universitas Gadjah Mada]. http://etd.repository.ugm.ac.id/penelitian/detail/128543

Wegmann, E., Oberst, U., Stodt, B., & Brand, M. (2017). Online-specific fear of missing out and internet-use expectancies contribute to symptoms of internet-communication disorder. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 5, 33-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2017.04.001

World Health Organization. (2010). Global recommendations on physical activity for health. http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/9789241599979/en/

Yusainy, C. (2017). Feeling full or empty inside? Peran perbedaan individual dalam struktur pengalaman afektif. Jurnal Psikologi Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada, 44(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpsi.7652

Yusainy, C., Chan, D. K. C., Hikmiah, Z., & Anggono, C. O. (2019). Physical activity in Indonesian University students: The contradictory roles of dispositional mindfulness and self-control. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 24(4), 446-455. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2018.1546015

Published

2021-12-25

Issue

Section

Articles