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Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis dan Perannya terhadap Toleransi Beragama Murid SMA

Indra Nugraha, Sri Maslihah, Ifa Hanifah Misbach
  Mediapsi, Vol 6, No 2 (2020),  119-131  

Abstract


The goal of this research was to test the idea that critical thinking skills are related to religious tolerance, which has been understudied within existing psychological studies. To verify this idea, we conducted a correlational survey among a sample of 400 high school students in Bandung who were recruited based on multistage cluster sampling. The results showed as hypothesized that critical thinking skills were significantly and positively correlated with religious tolerance. High critical thinking skills were hence associated with high religious tolerance and vice versa, low critical thinking skills were associated with low religious tolerance. We also additionally examined the extent to which critical thinking skills and religious tolerance varied depending on participants’ gender, ethnicity, and religion. We close by explaining the theoretical and practical implications of those empirical findings, as well as some shortcomings in this research and recommendations for further studies to overcome the shortcomings.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji ide bahwa keterampilan berpikir kritis berhubungan dengan toleransi beragama, yang masih jarang diinvestigasi pada studi-studi psikologi sebelumnya. Untuk memverifikasi ide ini, kami melakukan survei korelasional dengan melibatkan 400 murid SMA di Kota Bandung sebagai partisipan, yang diperoleh atas dasar multistage cluster sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, sesuai hipotesis yang diajukan, keterampilan berpikir kritis berkorelasi signifikan ke arah positif dengan toleransi beragama. Dengan demikian, tingginya keterampilan berpikir kritis berhubungan dengan tingginya toleransi beragama dan sebaliknya, rendahnya keterampilan berpikir kritis berhubungan dengan rendahnya toleransi beragama. Analisis tambahan dalam penelitian ini juga menguji peran variabel demografis jenis kelamin, suku bangsa, dan agama dalam menjelaskan keterampilan berpikir kritis dan toleransi beragama. Di bagian akhir tulisan ini, kami menjelaskan implikasi teoritis dan praktis temuan temuan empiris tersebut, sekaligus sejumlah kekurangan penelitian dan rekomendasi studi lanjutan untuk memperbaiki kekurangan tersebut. 

 


Keywords


critical thinking skill, high school students, religious tolerance

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.mps.2020.006.02.6

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