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Riangga Novrianto
Faculty of Psychology Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau State Islamic University (UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau)
Indonesia

Anggia Kargenti Evanurul Marettih
Faculty of Psychology Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau State Islamic University (UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau)
Indonesia

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Self-efficacy dan Optimisme sebagai Prediktor Subjective Well-Being pada Mahasiswa Tahun Pertama

Riangga Novrianto, Anggia Kargenti Evanurul Marettih
  Mediapsi, Vol 4, No 2 (2018),  83-91  

Abstract


This study examined self-efficacy and optimism in predicting subjective well being of  first-year undergraduate students. Participants were first-year undergraduate students of UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau (N=372; 121 males, 251 females). Participants completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), Satisfaction With Life Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale  and Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R). Multiple regression analysis was conducted to examine how the predictors contribute to subjective well-being. Results indicated that self-efficacy and optimism predicted first-year undergraduate students’ subjective well-being (F (2, 369)=53.920; p<0.01). Results also indicated that self-efficacy have a higher contribution (β=0.403; p<0.01) than optimism (β=0.137; p<0.01). In conclusion, self-efficacy and optimism are important in predicting subjective well-being first-year undergraduate students.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui prediksi self-efficacy dan optimisme terhadap subjective well-being pada mahasiswa tahun pertama. Sebanyak 372 orang mahasiswa tahun pertama UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau (N=372; 121 laki-laki, 251 perempuan) menjadi partisipan di dalam penelitian ini. Partisipan penelitian mengisi adaptasi Skala Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), Satisfaction With Life Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale, dan Life Orientation Test- Revised (LOT-R). Analisis regresi berganda dilakukan untuk mengetahui bagaimana kedua prediktor berkontribusi terhadap subjective well-being. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan self-efficacy dan optimisme secara bersama dapat memprediksi subjective well-being pada mahasiswa tahun pertama (F (2, 369)=53.920; p<0.01). Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan bahwa self-efficacy memiliki kontribusi yang lebih besar (β=0.403; p<0.01) bila dibandingkan dengan optimisme (β=0.137; p<0.01). Sehingga, dapat disimpulkan bahwa self-efficacy dan optimisme memiliki peran penting dalam memprediksi subjective well-being pada mahasiswa tahun pertama.


Keywords


optimism; self-efficacy; subjective well-being

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.mps.2018.004.02.4

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